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2 edition of Immunological aspects of the nephrotic syndrome in childhood found in the catalog.

Immunological aspects of the nephrotic syndrome in childhood

Sally-Anne Hulton

Immunological aspects of the nephrotic syndrome in childhood

by Sally-Anne Hulton

  • 35 Want to read
  • 19 Currently reading

Published by University of Birmingham in Birmingham .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (M.D.) - University of Birmingham, Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, 1996.

Statementby Sally-Anne Hulton.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL22828632M

Nephrotic syndrome is characterized by large amounts of proteinuria (> g per m 2 body surface area per day, or > 40 mg per square meter body surface area per hour in children), hypoalbuminemia (nephrotic syndrome. Nephrotic syndrome. Nephrotic syndrome is one of the most pronounced and characteristic manifestations of acute and chronic kidney disease in children. The presence of a nephrotic syndrome always indicates the damage to the kidneys, primarily or in the context of other diseases.

children). Note the poor prognosis, with about a 50% rate of renal survival at 10 years. (FromCameron [2]; with permission.) Survival, % 0 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 05 Without nephrotic syndrome With nephrotic syndrome 15 Years from onset FIGURE The outcome of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis according to the degree of. Immunological aspects of 40 northern Nigerian children with nephrotic syndrome of recent onset are reported. Eight our of 30 had hepatitis-associated antigen in their sera. Hypocomplementaemia was rare. Measurement of serum C3, C4, and ASOT was not of diagnostic value. Proteinuria selectivity index was poor in half of the patients, and appeared t o depend on the severity of the kidney lesion.

Who Gets Nephrotic Syndrome? Although primary NS is a relatively rare condition, anyone can get it. NS is one of the most common contributors of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) and responsible for 12% of kidney failure in adults and 20% in children. Nephrotic syndrome may affect adults and children of both sexes and of any race.   The nephrotic syndrome is a distinct abnormal clinical and biochemical entity characterized by edema, massive proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia and hypoproteinemia, and hyperlipemia and hypercholesterolemia. Hematuria, hypertension, or azotemia may or may not be present. The basic cause is unknown, but.


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Immunological aspects of the nephrotic syndrome in childhood by Sally-Anne Hulton Download PDF EPUB FB2

In cases of primary childhood nephrotic syndrome for which the cause is idiopathic, researchers are unable to pinpoint which children are more likely to develop the syndrome. However, as researchers continue to study the link between genetics and childhood nephrotic syndrome, it may be possible to predict the syndrome for some children.

Immunologic aspects of the nephrotic syndrome ALFRED F. MICHAEL, ROBERT H. MCLEAN, L. PAUL Roy, N. GUNNAR WESTBERG, JOHN R. HOYER, ALFRED J. FISH and ROBERT L. VERNIER Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota The nephrotic syndrome is a clinical entity characterized by proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia, edema and hyper.

during such Immunological aspects of the nephrotic syndrome in childhood book infection. In a relapse of nephrotic syndrome the proteinuria persists for longer than 4 days.

Many relapses appear to start with a cold, the proteinuria persisting after the cold has passed. Relapses occur in most (75%) children with nephrotic syndrome, particularly during the.

Reviews Immunologic aspects of the nephrotic syndrome Alfred F. Michael, 1 Dr A F Michael Robert H. McLean, 1 Roy, 1 Westberg, 1 John R. Hoyer, 1 Alfred J. Fish, 1 Robert L. Vernier, 1 1 Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota Minneapolis Minnesota * Dept.

of Pediatrics, Cited by: Nephrotic syndrome in childhood Allison A Eddy, Jordan M Symons Childhood nephrotic syndromes are most commonly caused by one of two idiopathic diseases: minimal-change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS) and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). A third distinct type, membranous nephropathy, is rare in children.

Nephrotic syndrome is a clinical entity characterized by massive albuminuria, hypoalbuminemia and varying degrees of edema and hyperlipidemia. Although rare in occurrence (/, child population), it is probably the most common chronic glomerular disease observed in children. Up to the late s and early s, the mortality for childhood nephrotic syndrome.

The type of nephrotic syndrome that is most common in children is called idiopathic nephrotic syndrome. It accounts for about 90 percent of children with nephrotic syndrome.

Idiopathic means that a disease occurs with no known cause. The most common type of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome is called minimal-change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS).

Rasheed Gbadegesin, William E. Smoyer, in Comprehensive Pediatric Nephrology, ETIOLOGY. Nephrotic syndrome in childhood is largely primary or idiopathic, although a small proportion of cases are secondary to infectious agents and other glomerular and systemic diseases.

The etiology of nephrotic syndrome is also age dependent. Most cases appearing in the first 3 months of life are. Children with nephrotic syndrome lose excessive amounts of protein from their blood stream into their urine.

This loss of protein causes tissue swelling, especially in the face, stomach and legs. The risk of infection also increases because important proteins used by their immune system have been lost. What is childhood nephrotic syndrome.

Children with too much protein in their urine, sudden weight gain, and swelling in various body parts could have a condition called nephrotic syndrome. Childhood nephrotic syndrome is also called nephrosis. Nephrotic syndrome happens when tiny structures in the kidneys called glomeruli stop working properly and let too much protein enter.

We review our year experience of children with nephrotic syndrome (NS) in Durban, South Africa; (%) were blacks, (%) Indians and 23 (%) were a. Abdurrahman MB, Greenwood BM, Narayana P, Babaoye FA, Edington GM. Immunological aspects of nephrotic syndrome in northern Nigeria. Arch Dis Child. Mar; 56 (3)– [PMC free article] Elzouki AY, Amin F, Jaiswal OP.

Primary nephrotic syndrome in Arab children. Arch Dis Child. Mar; 59 (3)– [PMC free article]. Auto-immune • SLE Endocrine • Diabetes mellitus • Congenital nephrotic syndrome o Finnish type (CNF) Most common congenital nephrotic syndrome, with an incidence of 1 per 8, in Finland • Not only seen in Finland, it is especially prominent in Mennonites in Pennsylvania Genetic mutation in the NPHS1 gene which codes for the.

NPHS14 is an autosomal recessive syndromic form of steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome with multisystemic manifestations. Most affected individuals present in infancy or early childhood with progressive renal dysfunction associated with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) and resulting in end-stage renal disease within a few years.

Childhood nephrotic syndromes are most commonly caused by one of two idiopathic diseases: minimal-change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS) and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). A third distinct type, membranous nephropathy, is rare in children.

Other causes of isolated nephrotic syndrome can be subdivided into two major categories: rare genetic disorders, and secondary diseases associated. In FSGS—the most common primary cause of nephrotic syndrome—scar tissue forms in parts of the glomeruli.

In membranous nephropathy, immune molecules form harmful deposits on the glomeruli. Nephrotic syndrome can also be caused by systemic diseases, which are diseases that affect many parts of the body, such as diabetes or lupus. Systemic. Key points about nephrotic syndrome in children. Nephrotic syndrome is a problem where too much protein called albumin is released from the body into the urine.

It means that one or both kidneys are damaged. The most common type is called minimal change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS). With MCNS, a child has times when symptoms get worse (relapses).

Nephrotic syndrome is the combination of nephrotic-range proteinuria with a low serum albumin level and edema. Nephrotic-range proteinuria is the loss of 3 grams or more per day of protein into the urine or, on a single spot urine collection, the presence of 2. Nephrotic syndrome is defined as the presence of proteinuria (> g/24 hours), hypoalbuminemia.

Immunological aspects of 40 northern Nigerian children with nephrotic syndrome of recent onset are reported. Eight our of 30 had hepatitis-associated antigen in their sera. Hypocomplementaemia was rare. Measurement of serum C3, C4, and ASOT was not of diagnostic value. Steroid sensitive nephrotic syndrome is one of the most common pediatric glomerular diseases.

Unfortunately, it follows a relapsing and remitting course in the majority of cases, with 50% of all cases relapsing once or even more often. Most children with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome respond initially to steroid therapy, nevertheless repeated courses for patients with relapses induce.A report of the International Study of Kidney Disease in Children; Nephrotic syndrome in children, prediction of histopathology from clinical and laboratory characteristics at time of diagnosis.

Kidney Int ; 9. Elzouki AY, Amin F, Jaiswal OP. Primary nephrotio syndrome in Arab children. Arch Dis Child ; In children, the most common primary cause of nephrotic syndrome is minimal change disease.

Secondary causes of nephrotic syndrome are diseases that affect the whole body, including the kidneys. Most of the time, nephrotic syndrome happens because of secondary causes.

The most common secondary cause of nephrotic syndrome in adults is diabetes.